Gramática 1

Uses of the infinitive

After some verbs (Después de algunos verbos)

She needs to be early.

You forget to do the homework.

I want to travel to Cuzco.

Do you forget to do the homework?

Does she need to be early?

I want to buy some clothes.

I want to be a doctor.

My mother want to travel to Lima.

Try  not to talk about politics.

It’s important not to be late.

I want to the party to meet new people.

After adjetives (Después de adjetivos)

You are happy to be in the English class.

This topic is easy to learn.

This cellphone is difficult to get.

It’s easy to learn English.

For reasons (para razones)

José goes to the disco to dance a lot.

You come on wednesday to the university to study English.

After questions words (Después de palabras interrogativas)

What – where – When – Why

I don’t know What to do?

She doesn’t know Where to go?


Uses of the gerund

After some verbs (Después de algunos verbos)

Francisco enjoys playing soccer.

They like studying English.

I like reading novels.

I love listening to romantic music.

I hate cookining on sundays.

I enjoy watching TV.

don’t mind doing around the house.

don’t mind cleaning my house.

I like watching TV with my family.

I like traveling  with my family.

love sleeping  in the summer.

I don’t feel like studying on weekends.

spent to much time searching in the facebook.

spend to much time playing soccer.

I hate cookining in the house.

I dont’ like going to the disc.

After prepositions (Después de preposiciones)

at – for – of – about – without

You are good at cooking.

I’am afraid of watching horror films.

I’am thinking of buying a new car.

I’am looking for studying new lenguage.

He left without saying “good bye”.

My mother is thinking of traveling to Cuzco.

I dream of traveling.

I dream of winning the tinka.

I thinking of passing the practice.

As a noum (como un sustantivo)

Eating junk food is bad for your healh.

Doing exercises everyday is a good for your life.

The doctor says eating breakfast early is better.

Swiming is a healthy sport.

Dancing is a good exercises to lose weight.

Reading books is amazing forme.


Have to, dont’ have to, must, mustn’t, can’t

Obligation: have to – must (tienes que – debes)

You have to clean the room.

She has to clean the house.

He has to work on weekend.

My sister has to travel a lot.

Do you have to wear a uniform to school?

It isn’t necesary: don’t have to (no tienes que)

You don’t have to go to parties on weekend.

He doesn’t have to work on saturday.

It isn’t permitted: mustn’t – can’t (no debes – no puedes)

You musn’t go to the cinema.

You musn’t use cellphone during the exam.

You musn’t go to play soccer.

We can’t speak during the movies.

You mustn’t eat in the class room.

You can’t  smoke in here.

You mustn’t talk in the class English.